Supervising by Risk Levels

  • Low Risk Caseload – Risk Management – Involves providing the least restrictive, most appropriate sanctions and supervision
  • Moderate and High Risk Caseload – Risk Reduction – Involves determining criminogenic needs and reducing risk factors through effective intervention and appropriate supervision
  • Extreme High Risk Caseload – Risk Control – Involves techniques that control risk of reoffending while under correctional authority


  • The Top Four Criminogenic Need Response:
    • Anti-social cognition: Reduce anti-social cognition, recognize risking thinking, adopt an alternative identity
    • Anti-social companions: Reduce association with criminals, enhance contact with pro-social peers
    • Anti-social personality or temperament: Build problem solving, self management, anger management, and coping skills
    • Family and/or marital: Reduce conflict, build positive relationships and communication, enhance monitoring/supervision
  • The Other Four Criminogenic Need Response:
    • Substance abuse: Reduce usage, reduce the supports for abuse behavior, enhance alternatives to abuse
    • Employment: Provide employment seeking and keeping skills and Enhance performance rewards and satisfaction
    • Education/School: Enhance performance rewards and satisfaction
      Leisure and/or recreation: Enhance involvement and satisfaction in pro-social activities
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